|Additive Summary||Cyanidin (E163a)|
|Essence||Cyanidin or E163a is an organic compound used typically for red food coloring and is naturally found in all kinds of red berries, some fruits, and some vegetables. It is one of the Anthocyanidins (also known as the glucoside version of Anthocyanins or Anthocyans) group of additives.|
|Names||Flavan-3-ol, Cyanidin 3-O-galactoside, Cyanidine, Cy3Gal, E163a, Cyanidin, and others.|
|Sourcing||Commercially, it is typically extracted from grapes. Other potential sources include black carrots and purple sweet potatoes.|
|Manufacturing||To create the additive, the sourcing material undergoes the extraction process which is done with methanol, ethanol, acidified water, sulfated water, or carbon dioxide.|
|Application||Coloring (red to violet to blue, water-soluble, pretty unstable).|
|Acceptable Daily Intake||None determined.|
|Side Effects||None known. It’s an extremely safe substance to consume.|
|Benefits||The organic compound offers antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer benefits. It can also be very helpful in promoting heart health, fighting off diabetes, protecting DNA, battling obesity, and offering various other benefits.|
|Studies||3,080+ studies on Pubmed. 165+ studies on safety.|
|Allergens||It might not be acceptable to some Jews most of the time (when it’s created from grapes).|
|Health Knight Assessment
||Only Beneficial. | Category 0 Additive.|
|Products||Cyanidin is not very common in supplements.
It can be naturally found in elderberries, raspberries, cranberries, cherries, blueberries, strawberries, blackberries, black currants, acai berries, red grapes, lingonberries, bilberries, plums, chokeberries, loganberries, redcurrants, cloudberries, apples, watermelons, pomegranates, red pears, guava, gooseberries, blood oranges, peaches, red lettuce, black olives, black common beans, red cabbages, aubergines, and others.
It can be found in processed foods like sorbets, sweets, ice creams, chocolates, biscuits, candy, sauces, jellies, desserts, soft drinks, salads, puddings, energy drinks, syrups, juices, donuts, cakes, food decorations, pastries, vegan and vegetarian meat products, macaroons, yogurts, chocolate drinks, cereal bars, fruit bars, chocolate bars, custards, caviar, chips, chewing gum, and others.