Calcium Malate (E352) – Overview, Uses, Side Effects & More

Additive Summary Calcium Malate (E352)
Essence Calcium Malate or E352 is an organic acid salt (Calcium Salt of Malic Acid) that is composed of a divalent cation of Calcium and Malic Acid and is used in food primarily as a flavor enhancer and buffering agent. It presents itself as a white or off-white powder with no smell and slightly acidic taste. Two different Calcium Malates are possible: 1) Monocalcium Malate or E352(i) and 2) Dicalcium Malate or E352(ii).
Names Calcium 2-hydroxybutanedioate, Calcium Dihydrogen (2S)-2-hydroxybutanedioate, Calcium L- or DL-malate, Calcium Hydrogen L-malate, Calcium Salt of Hydroxybutanedioic Acid, E352, Calcium Malate, and others.
Sourcing  The starting ingredient is Malic Acid (E296). It’s a substance naturally found in many fruits like apples, apricots, plums, grapes, cherries, lemons, grapefruits, and others.
Manufacturing A solution of the sourcing ingredient is created by mixing it with water. Then, either Calcium Hydroxide or Calcium Carbonate is added. It gets stirred or mixed to ensure a better outcome. After that, it’s filtered and dried.
Application Flavor enhancer, buffering agent, acidity regulator, texture modifier, pH stabilizer, and sequestrant. It is moderately water-soluble.
Acceptable Daily Intake None determined.
Side Effects In extremely high amounts, it can lead to hypercalcemia (which is basically just overconsumption of Calcium). This can happen because our bodies can acquire Calcium from this additive. Additionally, it may interact adversely with Calcium-channel blockers and antibiotics and may impact negatively people with kidney disease and hyperparathyroidism.
Benefits Calcium Malate is also often used as a beneficial ingredient since it delivers Calcium, an essential mineral to health. Adequate amounts of the mineral can support strong bones, promote muscle function, boost cardiovascular health, help blood clotting, regulate hormones, promote healthy cells, and more.
Studies Less than 20 studies on Pubmed. One study on safety.
Allergens None.
Diet Restrictions Vegan, Vegetarian, Halal, and Kosher incompatibility can be possible but is unlikely.
Health Knight Assessment Probably Harmless. | Hence, it’s a Category 2 Additive.
Products Calcium Malate can be present in processed foods such as chocolate bars, fruit juices, coffees, desserts, premade pork foods, sausages, candy, hams, and more.

Calcium Malate (E352) Side Effects Are Not Likely Orange Juices Can Use This Additive

Various Candy Can Have This Buffering Agent And Acidity Regulator Sausages Can Have The Calcium Salt Of Hydroxybutanedioic Acid As Well

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