|Additive Summary||Quinoline Yellow (E104)|
|Essence||Quinoline Yellow or E104 is a synthetic non-azo dye (artificial color) used to achieve a greenish-yellow type of color in feed, food, supplements, and medicine.|
|Names||Quinoline Yellow, E104, Acid Yellow 3, Food Yellow 13, D&C Yellow 10, C.I. 47005, Quinophthalone, Solvent yellow 33, 11641 Yellow, and others.|
|Sourcing||It’s fully synthetically made. It’s typically prepared either from 2-(2-quinolyl)indane-1,3-dione or a mixture of the former and 2-(2-(6-methylquinolyl))indane-1,3-dione.|
|Manufacturing||To make Quinoline Yellow, the 2-(2-quinolyl)indane-1,3-dione or its mixture undergoes sulphonating which, essentially, means that it gets to a reaction with sulphuric acid.|
|Application||Coloring (yellow to green, very water-soluble).|
|Acceptable Daily Intake||It is said to be supposedly safe in amounts up to 10 milligrams on every kilogram of body weight. But that is a number to not trust. Realistically, we shouldn’t ever eat it.
Depending on the exact food, it can be present in amounts as high as 500 milligrams per kilogram of food.
|Side Effects||As an artificial color, it is linked to hyperactivity (ADHD) in children, cancer, asthma, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and damage to the brain (neurotoxin). It also causes rashes. Forbidden for use in food in the US and Canada. Banned in Norway, Austria, Japan.|
|Studies||85+ studies on Pubmed. 10+ studies on safety.|
(As An Additive)
|Seriously Harmful. | Category 5 Additive.|
|Products||Used in products like the Life Extension Aspirin (Low Dose Safety Coated), Zicam Cold Remedy Medicated Fruit Drops, Vivarin Brand Alertness Aid, and others.
Not present in foods naturally. Used in processed foods like pastries, candy, beverages, seafood, nougats, chewing gum, toppings, soups, marzipan, broths, food decorations, and others.